World War One
June 28th 1914 (assassination) - November 11th, 1918.
1917 - Russian Revolution, US enters war
1917-1918 - Triumph of Allies
Militarism M -->Nations of Europe building up armies. To increase power, competition
Alliances A --->Congress of Vienna 1815, ended napoleonic war. Establish balance of power - no one European country becomes too powerful
Industrialism I-->Factories, mass manufacturing of weapons (uniform parts), machine gun, urbanization. Mass society, propaganda, advertising products. Mass media, new technology.
June 28th Assassination
All seek support from Germany before invading Serbia, because they know Russia will support serbs.
July 23rd - Ultimatum to serbia, serbia rejects
July 28th Austria-Hungry
July 29th - Russia mobilizes troops verse Austria & Germany. August 1st, Germany declares war on Russia.
Germany’s Shlieffen Plan
Involved lighting invasion of France, then sent troops to east to fight Russia.
August 3rd, Germany declares war on france. Demands to pass through belgium. Britain has sworn to defend belgium neutrality.
August 4th, great britain declares war on Germany.
8 days, Europe at war.
The Western Front
France & England vs
Germany & Austria-Hungary