Republic: A form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have the right to vote.
Patricians: Great Landowners, became Rome’s first ruling class.
Plebeians: Less wealthy landholders, craftspeople, more of the population.
Consuls: Two consuls, ran government and led rome to battle.
Praetors: judge cases in which one or both people were noncitizens? Just another extension of chief officers.
Twelve tables: First code of laws, open for public viewing.
Law of nations: Natural law, applied to everybody. Innocent until proven guilty.
Carthage: Enormous trading, western Mediterranean. Richest state in the area.
Punic war 1: Fight over control of sicily, between romans and Carthage, Carthage loses
Punic war 2: Hannibal (Carthage general) brought soldiers through alps and fought romans.
Triumvirate: A government by three people with equal power.
Dictator: Absolute ruler.
Imperator: Essentially the commander and chief.
Paterfamilias: The dominant male of the family