Sumerians - 3500 B.C. - First Civilization
Social Classes, City States - leaders “lugals” which means big man, Theocracy - Influential Priests
Lots of farming -Wheat Barely, also olives, Timber Metal working, Trade within the city states and in Mediterranean world
Polytheistic (more than 1 god), Temples (ziggurats), class of priests - dedicated to Gods
3200 B.C. - Cuneiform (Writing), 60 based number system, literature - epic poem “Gilgamesh”
Lower and Upper Egypt converse under King Menes in 3100 B.C.
Sumerians - 3500 B.C. ---- Akkadians invade 2340 B.C. And live until 2100 B.C.
One city state gains dominance...Babylon under King Hammurabi 1792 B.C. - 1750 B.C. (first jewish people same time)
Important because - Hammurabi Code (First set of written laws that apply to everyone) “Eye for an eye” Social Inequality”
Ottomans until 1918 (WW1)
British & French