Building A Confederation (Romes Expansion)
First 300 Years of the Republic, Rome was at WAR
338 B.C. - 270 B.C. - They conquered north italy
269 B.C. - Drove out Greeks from sicily & Eastern Italy
By 255 - Rome controls whole Italian Peninsula
Threatening Carthage (north africa)
Very Powerful, controlled western Mediterranean.
Tensions between Rome and Carthage
264 B.C. - 146 B.C.
First Punic War : 264 B.C. - 241 B.C.
-Over control of Sicily
-Rome built a navy
-Carthage Loses, has to give up Sicily to Rome
Second Punic War : 218 B.C. - 201 B.C.
Hannibal attacks Rome from the north
Hannibal can’t launch attack, caught in north italy
Then romans cut Hannibal off from Carthage and defeat him
End: Rome gains control of Spain
Third Punic War : 146 B.C.
-Rome completely killed Carthage, left nothing
-Enslaved or killed all people
-Renamed Carthage to “Affrika”
ALSO in the 200’s B.C.
214 B.C. - 169 B.C. Rome went East
Conquered : Greece, Southern Europe (Balkans), Asia Minor
By 90 B.C. - Incredibly powerful, control the Mediterranean.
Why was rome so successful?
-They tried not to ruin things, they wanted to control things that were still prosperous.