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Wednesday, August 29, 2007

Columbus may not have been first to inhabit North America. I think Vikings.

Main Time Periods-

-Paleo Indians

Hardly and contact between civilizations.

Places visiting: Russell Cave, Town Creek, New Echota and Cherokee.

Early humans cross from east Asia to what is now Alaska, from land that was then exposed why was the water lower than?
Not as long after the Ice Age, not as much ice had melted? 

Some Reasons for early humans relocation:

Curiosity, Food, Lack of vital recourses.

These early humans were both Hunters and Gatherers. 

Russell Cave:

All caves 45-50 degrees Fahrenheit 

Archaic time-period, 8,000 B.C.-1,000 B.C.

Invented the Atlltl, an extension of the arm to throw spears farther and faster.

Wood Land Culture:  

Inventions/Discoveries: Farming, Use of clay




Accidentally found, in riverbeds and all over North Carolina. Discovered that clay can harden over time and in heat, and made into Pots, Plates etc. 

During that period settlements were usually found near rivers. Population growing, more farming. Leaders of these civilizations were chosen based on there claim that they were directly related to the gods of that time. What were those gods? Leaders would live a top of mounds built by mud and dirt. Maybe to be closer to the gods? 

Hernado De Soto a market leader of the slave trades, wealthy. He along with a companion Francisco Pizzaro in charge of the units exploring in northern South America. In-counter the Incas. Incas thinking they are gods based on there clothes. Allow them into there city. The Spaniards easily destroy the Inca City, torture there leader and kill him. Taking all valuables with them. After returning to there homeland, go to sea and land in what is now Tampa, Florida. Accompanying De Soto 600 spanish soldiers, 200 horses and 300 pigs. Why pigs? Food? They moved along what is now the south-eastern united states, en-countering Native Americans. Native Americans fought back but were not even close to the technological advances of the Spanish. De Soto died of a fever on the banks of the Mississippi River.

Why was bringing the pigs the worst thing De Soto did? 


The expedition affected American Indian tribes directly by introducing diseases which they had no immunity against. The diseases severely decreased the population of the survivors and had a devastating effect on the social and cultural patterns among the community.  I have no direct information that the disease was transmitted by pigs.