At fall of Western Roman Empire…
Decentralization/chaos: Europe, North Africa
By 500 AD, the Eastern Roman Empire was not able to control Mesopotamia or Egypt.
Middle East reverted back to traditional systems. Tribal groups, led by Sheiks
City states in Arabia stayed successful due to caravan trade through Middle East from India.
Torah/old testament writings
570 - 632 AD
Orphaned at 5 years old.
Poor during childhood
Married a widow - hot rich managing her caravan trade
610 AD - goes into wilderness because angry about greed & poverty
Archangel Gabriel delivered first Surahs
From 610 - 630
Series of 114 Surahs given to Muhammad from God..become The Quran
Must be in Arabic
Deals with issues of equality