Such cultural splendor…
The Army is neglected
By 1100’s - 1100
Local land owners (Daimyos)
Began to hire vassals (samurai)
To protect their land
Taira-Minamoto War (1156 - 1185)
Conflict between 2 major clans.
1st stage (1156 - 1160) - Taira Win - take over position of chancellor support a boy emperor
2nd stage (1180 - 1185) - Minamoto Win. Minamoto establish a new capital at Kamakura
Kamakura Shogunate - begins feudal era
Definitions of Japanese Feudal Era
Emperor: Symbolic figure, considered Shinto God, member of Imperial family.
Shogun: Has power through military force, de facto ruler of Japan, controlled the army, ruled by force.
Samurai: a vassal, or military man tied to a daimyo, follow the code of Bushido
Daimyo: land owner (a lot of land). Set laws, built roads, markets, provide protection for peasants by hiring vassals.
Bushido: honor, courage, duty. If you fail to follow Bushido...Suppuku - ritualistic suicide
Kamakura Shogunate (1185 - 1333).
Feudal era is established.
Emperor GoDaigo tries to overthrow the Shogun, fails, but results in civil war ensues.
Ashikago Shogunate (1336 - 1477)
Onin War (1467 - 1477)
Oda Nobunaga - brings Guns to Japan. The arrival of guns and Portuguese catholicism missionaries creates a conservative movement that leads to japanese isolationism. From 1500’s - mid 1800’s both Japan & China are Isolationist
China - Europeans only allowed to trade at Macao
Japan - Europeans only allowed to trade at Nagasaki
Civil War (1560 - 1582)
General Hideyoshi arises as victor -
Establishes capital at Osaka
(1582 - 1598) things seem okay
1598 - 1603 - more conflict
Tokugawa Shogunate (1603 - 1863)
“Great Peace” Very strict, very rigid, dictatorship. Centralized Japan through military force, women no longer allowed to be educated.
Still isolationist - but they allow “dutch schools” where select japanese men learn european languages.
Reduced power of Daimyo
Japanese society becomes urbanized
Commodore Matthew Perry
Sails a steamboat - boat into Tokyo Bay Harbor
Opening of Japan
Ripped Japan apart, Conservatives vs. Liberals
Resist modernization Change
Keep things the same want to modernize
Civil War Ensues
1855 - 1863
Conservatives vs Liberals
1863 - Meiji Restoration
Emperor Meiji Restores power of emperor, takes japan into the modern era. “You don’t have to be western to be modern.”