Aristotle (384 B.C. - 322 B.C.) - disagreed with teacher, proposed new philosophy.
Knowledge & Truth are not absolute - like
Sophists - believed things are relative
Relative - based on experiences
Plate : “The Republic”
The Masses are not smart enough to rule themselves, they need a Philosopher King. Wise, do what is best for people.
Can’t just know… you must observe (he analyzed 158 city state governments)
Came to a few conclusions: Democracy is best for a very small population. Middle sized is better for a republic, oligarchy. Dictator is best for a very large population.