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Thomas Aquinas: creator of one of the great syntheses of medieval learning; taught at University of Paris; author of Summas; believed that through reason it was possible to know much about natural order, moral law, and nature of god.

Tigris and Euphrates: The Tigris is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Turkey through Iraq.

Tokugawa shogunate: (1603-1867) Feudal Warlord rulers of Japan. Responisble for closing Japan off from the rest of the world. Overthrown during the Meiji Restoration.

Treaty of versailles: the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

Treaty of Westphalia: Ended Thirty Years' War in 1648; granted right to individual rulers within the Holy Roman Empire to choose their own religion–either ...

Triple Alliance: Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I

Triple entente: Alliance among Britain, Russia, and France at the outset of the 20th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.

Twelfth century renaissance: was a period of many changes during the High Middle Ages. It included social, political and economic transformations, and an intellectual revitalization of Europe with strong philosophical and scientific roots.

Ultranationalism: refers to an ideology, a sentiment, a form of culture, or a social movement that focuses on the nation.[1] It is a type of collectivism emphasizing the collective of a specific nation.

vasco de gama: was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the European Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.

War guilt clause: Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles (1919) is commonly known as the “Guilt Clause” or the "War Guilt Clause", in which Germany was forced to take complete responsibility for starting World War I.

Western front: The Western Front of the European Theatre of World War II encompassed the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Norway, and Denmark. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale ground combat operations.

William the conqueror: invaded England from Normandy in 1066; established tight feudal system and centralized monarchy in England.

Fourteen points wilsons: The Fourteen Points speech was the only explicit statement of war aims by any of the nations fighting in World War I: some belligerents gave general indications of their aims; others wanted to gain territory and so refused to state their aims.

Winston Churchill:British Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945, and from 1951 to 1955. He resisted the Axis powers during the Second World War, and greatly effected the war’s outcome in favour of the Allies. He actively took part along with the American President, Roosevelt, and the Soviet leader, Stalin, in the creation of the United Nations.

Ziggurats: Massive towers usually associated with Mesopotamian temple complexes

Zimmerman telegram: german invasion of mexico, shooting down subs, infuriated americans and caused us to enter war on April 6th 1916.