read more
All Dynasties 1750 B.C. - 1911 A.D.


1750 B.C. - 1027 B.C. 

Development of Chinese writing. 

Ancestor worship 
Bronze weapons 
Trade in luxuries Jade, Silk, Ivory 
Social Structure, Aristocracy, Merchants would travel. Peasant - Farmers, Slaves 
Ruled by Empires, the Shang family as well as the Warrior Aristocracy, people considered better than the public. 


1027 B.C. - 221 B.C. 

Conflict in 800s B.C.

400s B.C. Fall of the Warring States
	Civil War 

Political Organization, Emperor and Aristocracy. 
Widespread use of iron and iron weapons
Confucianism and Daoism develop

Qin (Chin) 

Qin Took power in 221 B.C. - he dies his two son rule shortly 206 B.C. end of Qin 

Qin was a very powerful ruler
Centralized China -got rid of the power or aristocracy 
Reformed the bureaucracy - merit based appointments 
Started to build the great wall for protection from Mongols  
Building canals and roads - great for military and trade and communication 
Ruled with philosophy of legalism 
He was hated for his philosophy of legalism 


206 B.C. - 220 A.D.

Great period of success 
Not legalism 
Classical China
Silk Road trading with Rome
China very wealthy 
Continue building great wall 
Continue building canals and roads
Merit based system in bureaucracy 
Expanded influence from Vietnam to Mongolia 

Sui (589 AD - 618 AD) 

Burst of military expedition
Conquer huge area
Centralized China 
Built Grand Canal
Short Lived
Wendi’s son Yangdi is killed. 

Tang Dynasty (618 AD - 906 AD) 

In control of a smaller area
Tributary system (not rivers) 
Forced smaller states to pay tribute or be invaded
Founder Li Yuan (woman ruler)
Expand chinese influence over the rest of east asia 
Interesting era
Less woman rights
Buddhist influence (causes conflict)
Advanced bureaucracy & civil service revived
Public works projects
Divide into districts and provinces
Bureau of Censors (Bureaucratic ministry to oversee the bur. 
Buddhist influence 
Empress Wu (690 - 705 CE) Only female leader of China ever. Ruthless strangled daughter

Tang Dynasty Continued

She dies, conflict arises with Buddhism
700’s & 800’s per2secution of Buddhist 
Conflict leads to decline of Tang

906 - 960 Civil War

Song Empire (960 - 1279 AD)

Emperor Taizu founds Song Dynasty
Dominant empire in the 1100s 
Destroyed by Mongols 
Demilitarized governorships 
Increased transportation through smaller canals.
Built an army of 1 million soldiers 
Cities grow
Under pressure from Mongols for over 50 years
Fell to Kublai Khan (Genghis’ Grandson) 

Negative Development

Neo-Confucianism (re-worked, religiousized Confucianism) 
Stressed staying in your place
Footbinding expands
Women are Oppressed 

Yuan Dynasty (Mongol Rule) (1279 - 1368)

Mongols kicked out the Chinese from government Bureaucracy created 2 classes of people - Mongols ruling over Native Chinese 

Mongols & Chinese forbidden to marry
Chinese forbidden to learn or use mongol script
Closed chinese universities 

So…Mongol rule does not influence China


Not confucian
Less rigid social structure 
More rights for woman 

Former scholar-gentry class oppressed by Mongols … many up risings 

Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) 

Zhu Yuanzhang (Emperor Hongwu) 

Founder of Ming Dynasty 
Peasant Origins

Led a guerilla resistance to Mongols 
Built up an army (very popular) Revolution in 1368 - establishes himself as emperor. 

Ming Dynasty - Chinese Renaissance


Helped peasants 
No taxes on farmland
Funded scholarships so peasants could attend universities 
Public works projects 
Public housing
Irrigation systems
Economic & Population boom 

Ming Dynasty

Commerce increases trade with Europe 
Along with economic prosperity increased literacy 
Increase of disposable income leads to increased patronage of the arts
OK artwork 
Birth of chinese novel (ie “monkey”) lots of portraits of commoners. 
From 1405 - 1423, China gets into the exploration game. Zhenghe - great explorer, led 7 expeditions 

During Ming Era Neo Confucianism

Everyone has their place, son - father, wife - husband, student - teacher, subject - ruler. 

In 1644 ming falls, to invaders from Manchuria Qing dynasty lasts until 1911

Chinese Dynasties 
1750 BCE - 1911CE

Yuan (Mongol)