Chapter 3 Review Joe Puccio
Proclamation of 1763
People To Identify
Lord Baltimore founded the Maryland Colony.
Jonathan Edwards was a preacher and missionary to Native Americans during the Great Awakening.
Benjamin Franklin was a famous printer and founding father. He was also a scientist (amongst many other things) and is accredited with discovering the physical principle of “conservation of charge.” He is also attributed observing and experimenting with the cooling effect of eva poration and the effect of heating on substances’ electrical conductivity. Of course, Benjamin Franklin is more well known for his invention of the bifocals and the lightning rod. Although, it is important to note that the aforementioned scientific phenomena are quite significant.
James Oglethorpe founded the Georgia colony and was a philanthropist who desired to resettle Britain’s poor.
William Penn founded the Pennsylvania colony and was also a philanthropist who hoped to unite all of the English colonies.
Roger Williams was a dissenting puritan who founded the Rhode Island colony and was an early supporter of the separation of church and state as well as religious freedom.
John Winthrop was the leader of the great migration and the first governor of Massachusetts.
Places To Locate
Reviewing the Facts
They were to be an example for England. They set up a government that was entwined with religion. Sometimes referred to as the “city on a hill.”
a)Maryland - Southern colony, was filled with mostly Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore.
New Netherland - Mid-atlantic colony, filled with Calvinists and Anglicans, the dutch.
New Jersey - Mid-atlantic colony, filled with Calvinists and Anglicans, proprietary - Duke of York.
Pennsylvania - Mid-atlantic colony, it was by quakers for quakers but was tolerant of others, led by William Penn.
The Carolinas - Southern colony, Anglicans and Presbyterians in North Carolina and Anglicans and Huguenots in South Carolina, also proprietary.
Georgia - southern colony, filled with Anglicans and Puritans, mostly in debt, founded by James Oglethorpe.
They made early agreements (ex. Mayflower Compact), and tended to stick to them. They also formed the Houses of Burgesses and kept to British traditions.
England really liked the idea of mercantilism, and wanted to make the maximum amount of profit possible from the colonies
The Glorious Revolution resulted in a not so glorious relationship because Parliament said that the rights of Englishmen did not apply to the colonies.
a) New England - Most wealth in New England came from industries like ship building using the lumber resources they had. They also received wealth from trade and other natural resources such as fish.
Middle Colonies - Most wealth came from agriculture. Enough was produced to allow trade, mainly grains, this was the bread basket of the colonies.
Southern Colonies - Most wealth came from agriculture in the form of cash crops like tobacco, rice, cotton, and indigo.
The Great Awakening made colonists interested in religion again, it was no longer stale for them. Also, it made them think about separating church and state. It also upset non-radical ministers.
Westward expansion often meant encountering Native American resistance for the Colonists. Land ownership was another factor in generating conflict.
Iroquois expansion into French territory was what originally caused these wars.
Britain won and France was forced to give up its North American empire. The deportation of Arcadians allowed migrants from Europe and Southern colonies to settle. France and Britain both suffered financially because of the war.
Critical Thinking Skills
John Winthrop was describing the city as epic and biblical - a model for England. He wanted England to “see the light” of the Puritans.
I think that people agreed to become indentured servants for the following three reasons:
-Free voyage to the New World
-Escape of religious persecution
-(Usually) plots of land given after serving their years
a) Anne Hutchinson is a dissenting woman! She knows it is not her place to judge or decide laws for an entire colony, and yet she tries.
We are merely trying to express ourselves. We are not hurting anyone, and not forcing anyone to join, please, just hear us out!”
The Southern Colonies became more dependent on Slavery because, in general, cash crops (at least the ones they were growing) required more manual labor, while crops like grain did not.
George Whitfield was trying to say that people should think about their religion rather than just blindly believe.
Benefits: Can be good in that there are no religious wars. Drawbacks: Inevitable arguments, corruption, intolerance.