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A. An explicit relationship between the independent variable and dependent variable that shows an influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable. 


1. Not mutually exclusive. 

2. That’s fine. IV is religiousness. DV is opposition of state lottery. 

3. No. It doesn’t compare categories of the independent variable. 

4. Yes. 


A. Democrats are more likely to rate Clinton’s job as president as good/excellent than Republicans are. 

Part affiliation. 

Nominal? Could also be considered ordinal. 


1. Age. 
2. Support/opposition to this bill. 
3. No. It doesn’t have percentages for the independent variable. The rows should add to 100%. 
4. should be a)