1815 Congress of Vienna
Rulers of Europe attempting to repair damage of French Revolution & Napoleon.
-Fighting to preserve
European Monarchies & redraw borders.
19th Century (1815 - 1914)
Old order of Europe is stretched & ripped apart.
Forces of 1800s
Starts in England late 1700
Watts Steam Engine
Spreads to Europe
By 1830’s takes
Hold in western europe.
Industrial revolution causes Social Ills.
In response - people turn to democracy and socialism which leads to the revolutions of 1848. Failed Show the old order is breaking.
Colonialism, control of trade, spreads through Military Force.
1854 - Japan ends isolationism
1857 - Sepoy Mutiny
1853 - 1856 Crimean War
1885 - Congress of Berlin
Early 1800s, Latin America countries. Gain independence from Spain.
1853 - 1856 Crimean War Only significant war in 1800’s, first war to use trench warfare.
1854 - Japan ends isolationism commander perry sails into tokyo bay harbor. Begins rapid modernization of Japan,
2 Opium wars.
1839 - 1842.
1856 - 1860.
Qing Dynasty v Britain
Over trading rights
Results = Britain gains control of China
1861 - Italian Unification
1870 - Franco - Prussian War
1871 - Unification of Germany
1885 Congress of Berlin Europe divides up
Official colonization by britain, france, belgium, portugal, germany, italy.