At the beginning in 1400.
Aztecs & Inca are prospering in Americas.
Mali is beginning to decline.
Ming dynasty is still building, height is in the 1500s.
The renaissance has begun in Italy
Northern Europe is still experiencing waves of plague & 100 years of war.
Moors still control southern Spain.
Byzantine exists but is weak.
By end of 1400’s
100 years war is over, printing press invented & Byzantine empire defeated ALL IN 1453
Renaissance has reached Western Europe.
Ferdinand of Aragon & Isabella of Castilla got married, united spain, drove moors out of Spain & commissioned columbus to sail to americas (1492)
Portuguese have established trading posts all along cost of Africa.
1498 - Vasco da Gama (Portuguese) sails around Africa to India, 1000% profit.