Some notes I took while trying to teach myself Italian.

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io, "ee-o", just like Puccio. 

Common phrases:
mio - my 
chi - who
come si dice? - "how do you say?"
ciao - hello/goodbye
scusi - excuse me/sorry
accidenti! - damn it
Che ce? - what's up?
non fa niente - don't worry about it
Non ce di che - you're welcome
prego - you're welcome
Stupendo - wonderful
Va bene - okay!
per favore - please
perché - why
però - but
e - and

Words/phases I like:
cane - dog
questo - this
albero - tree
sale - salt
dolce - sweet
piccolo - small
cena - dinner
Ho fame - I'm hungry (remember, H is pretty much always silent)

So basically pronouns in conversation don't need to be there, because the verb is conjugated to hold the pronoun (he goes, they go), etc. But you can use the pronoun to add emphasis. 

"Infinitive form" means the basic form; the form you'd see in the dictionary. Like "run" or "walk", but in Italian they're going to have a specific ending. One of three 
"are", "ere", "ire". e.g.
parlare (to speak)
vendere (to sell)

Pronounciations for conjugated verbs. 

For singular forms (io, tu, lui) and third person plural (loro), the emphasis is the stem (so for io parlo it's, io pArlo, tu pArli, lui pArla. And for the plural first person (noi) and second person plural (voi), the stress is on the ending parlIAmo, and parlAte. 

First conjugation ("are"), like "parlare" (to speak)

Other good verbs with this conjugation: 
aiutare (to help)
amare (to love)
arrivare (to arrive)
ascoltare (to listen)
camminare (to walk)
cantare (to sing)
cenare (to have dinner); note "ce" is pronounced "chi"
chiamare (to call); remember "chi" is pronounced "key"
contare (to count)
cucinare (to cook); the "ci" is pronounced "chi"
digitare (to type)
disturbare (to disturb)
entrare (to come/go in)
lavorare (to work)
parlare (to speak)
passare (to pass)
pensare (to think)
tentare (to try)
visitare (to visit)

slightly altered, but basically "-are" conjugation. 
pagare (to pay)
mangiare (to eat)

Pronounciations, lots of things sound like "k" and "ch" and "j":